Madras Zoo founded in 1855 can probably claim to being India's first zoo to begin as a result of a visitor pressure.
Col. Edward Balfour of the Government Central Museum, Madras had a young cheetah and a young tiger in the museum for a few months in 1854. He noted that there was a tremendous increase in the number of visitors. When the animals were removed, the figures fell alarmingly. He noted down the fluctuation in numbers, and prompted by this visitor information, the Madras Zoo was started. The zoo was closed down in 1980 and shifted to a new area. The zoo was closed down in 19800 and shifted to a new area. The new Zoological Park, known as the Arignar Anna Zoological Park is at Vandalur, near Chennai (Madras) and is based on modern concepts of zoo design. in 1955, the first All India meeting , the topics of discussion included education, conservation and setting up of insect zoos. At that time, zoos were administered under the India Board for Wildlife.
The Venkateswara Zoological Park in Tirupati, Indira Gandhi Zoological Park in Vishakhapatnam, the Nehru Zoological Park in Hyderabad, National Zoological Park in Hyderabad, National Zoological Park in New Delhi, Arignar Anna Zoological Park at Vandalur, Chennai and Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Park in Mysore are some of the innovative zoos that have come up in the last three decades.